The Cemetery contains 8 soldiers of the Cheshire Regiment, all of which were taken prisoner during the Battalion's action at Audregnies on 24th August 1914 and subsequently died later in the War whilst prisoners of war.



1st Battalion, The Cheshire Regiment
Officers, N.C.O.s and Men of the 1st Battalion, Buried in Hamburg (Ohlsdorf) Cemetery

©: G E Conway, 2009
Their name liveth for evermore
Private E J Conway (circa. 1905)
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Private 8351 Frederick BAUM (A.R.)

Date of Death:
5 July 1918          
(Died in p.o.w. camp)
Grave No:
V. H. 5.
Unit:
'C' Company
Age:
28
Personal History:
Frederick (James) was born in Carlisle Street, St Mary's Parish, Leicester, in December 1889, the son of John Harold (Bricklayer in 1891, Bread Baker in 1911) and Rachel Baum. The 1901 Census shows that he had two older brothers, John E. and Willy H., and two younger siblings, Harry and Rachel. (1901 Census RG 13/3008).

At the time of his enlistment Frederick's stated occupation was 'Box Maker'. He was 5' 6?" tall (1.69 m.), weighed 119 lbs. (8 stone 7lbs) had a 'fresh' complexion, grey eyes and brown hair. His stated religion was Church of England.

On his discharge from the Army at the end of 1913 he went to live at the family home, 41 Leamington Street, Leicester. There is no record of Frederick marrying.

Military History:
Frederick enlisted in the 1st Battalion the Cheshire Regiment at Leicester on 31st December 1906, stating his age as 18 years 0 months, on a 7+5 term of service (i.e. 7 years active service plus 5 years reserve). He had previously been a member of the Leicester Regiment (Militia), where his character was assessed as 'Good'. After initial 3 months training he was posted to Chester on 18th November 1907. Further postings took him to Belfast on 14th January 1910 and Enniskillen on 10th January 1913. He received his 1st Good Conduct Badge on 31st December 1908 and his 2nd Badge 3 years later.

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Hamburg Cemetery
During the First World War, Hamburg Cemetery was used for the burial of over 300 Allied servicemen who died as prisoners of war.

In 1922-23 it was decided that the graves of Commonwealth servicemen who had died all over Germany should be brought together into four permanent cemeteries. 

Hamburg (Ohlsdorf) was one of those chosen and in 1924-25, graves were brought into the cemetery from more than 120 burial grounds in eastern Germany.



Medal ribbon bar
All of the men named below were awarded the 1914 Star (with "clasps and roses"), the British War Medal and the Victory Medal.
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Pt Baum's Medal Index Card
The eight men buried here all fought at Audregnies and were taken prisoner on 24 August 1914. They subsequently died whilst prisoners of War.

Use the links on the left to read a little more about each man and see where he is buried. (There are some very interesting stories here!)
 
Private Baum's gravestone
This cemetery now contains 708 First World War Commonwealth burials. There are also 1466 Second World War graves.



On 29th November 1913 he received a "Sobriety Certificate" to certify that during his last three years of Army service he had never been under the influence of alcohol. This was just before his 7 years active service came to an end and he was transferred to the Army Reserve, on 30th December 1913. At the same time his reference for transfer to civilian employment stated his conduct to have been 'exemplary' and that he was 'clean, industrious and intelligent'. Also, he had been employed as 'Company or Assistant Cook for 6 years'. (He had however received a punishment for drunkenness in October 1909!)

His Medal Index Card shows that as a reservist he was recalled to the Regiment at the outbreak of War and entered France on 16th August 1914, He was reported missing from the Battalion following the action at Audregnies on 24th August and on 15th December 1914 he was confirmed a prisoner of war at Lippspringe.

At some time in the next four years Frederick was transferred to Minden p.o.w. camp where he died, on 5th July 1918 from pulmonary tuberculosis, most likely in the lazarette attached to the camp. He was probably initially buried there but in 1922-23 it was decided that the graves of Commonwealth servicemen who had died all over Germany should be brought together into four permanent cemeteries.  Hamburg was one of those chosen, and burials were brought into the cemetery from 120 burial grounds in Schleswig-Holstein, Mecklenburg, Oldenburg, Hanover, Saxony, Brunswick and Westphalia. In total he had served 11 years 118 days with the Regiment.

Notes on Minden p.o.w. Camp:

Minden was a straffe camp for NCOs. Under the Hague Conventions allied NCO POWs and above were not required to work to support the German economy. However, with a good percentage of its working men at the front, Germany relied on the labour of prisoners to contribute to the economy. NCOs could volunteer to work, however this system seems to have been abused in some areas where recalcitrant NCOs were sent off to particularly bad camps where they received harsh treatment until they 'volunteered'.

"The camp at Minden could, on the other hand, be used as a model of what a camp for prisoners of war ought not to be. It is built in a relatively unhealthy location, of poor general plan, and as administered, is more of an actual prison for the men, more particularly the non-commissioned officers, than the jail at Cologne, without any of the redeeming features of the latter." 
(Source: "The Prisoner of War in Germany" Daniel J McCarthy (1918))

Corporal 7436 Henry LONG (A.R.)

Date of Death:
26 May 1917       
(Died in p.o.w. camp)
Grave No:
III.F.1.
Unit:
'B' Company
Age:
33
Personal History:
Henry was born in Newton, Cheshire in the September quarter 1883, the son of John (Calico Machinist) and Alice Long, of Commercial Street, Newton. He had two older siblings, Mary E. and James and four younger siblings, Joseph, Thomas, Clara and May. (1901 Census RG 13/3792). Henry was employed as a 'Cotton Spinner.'

Henry's mother, Alice, died in the December quarter 1905. The 1911 Census (RG 14/34980) shows him in Barracks at The Ridge Jubbulpore, India. There is no record of Henry marrying.

Military History:
Henry enlisted in the 2nd Battalion the Cheshire Regiment at Chester. Currently his Army records are unavailable, probably destroyed in Second World War bombing, but his Service Number would suggest that he enlisted February/March 1904, aged 20, on a 7+5 term of service (i.e. 7 years active service plus 5 years reserve). After initial training he would have been posted to India, and in 1911 he was at Jubbulpore. In March 1911 his service period would have ended and he would have been transferred to the Army Reserve.

His Medal Index Card shows that as a reservist he was recalled to the Regiment at the outbreak of War and entered France on 16th August 1914. Even though he was initially from the 2nd Battalion, he rejoined the 1st and travelled with them to France. He was reported missing from the Battalion following the action at Audregnies on 24th August where he fought in the centre of the line under Captain Shore..

Almost three years later Henry died in captivity; probably from illness or disease (normally if from wounds the cause of death is cited as such). Others in the Battalion died from tuberculosis and in 1917 it was too early to be from influenza.

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Cpl. Long's Medal Index Card
 
Cpl. Long's grave
Private 7134 John O'KELL (A.R.)

Date of Death:
31 October 1918          
(Died in p.o.w. camp)
Grave No:
III. G. 7.
Unit:
'B' Company
Age:
33
Personal History:
John was born in Hale Barnes, Altrincham, Cheshire, in March 1885, the son of Thomas (Agricultural Labourer) and May O'Kell. He had an older brother, Henry and a younger sibling, Alice. (1891 Census RG 12/2825). In 1901 John and his brother Henry were both working on Rossmill Farm, Hale, John as a 'Carter', his stated occupation on enlistment. (1901 Census RG 13/3324).

He was 5' 3½" tall (1.62 m.), weighed 119 lbs. (8 stone 7lbs) had a 'fresh' complexion, brown eyes and dark brown hair. His stated religion was Church of England.
On 19th January 1907 he married May Hulme (née Slattery) at Knutsford Register Office. They had 4 children, Henry (1907), John (1910) May (1911 - died 21st February 1919) and George (1913) and lived at 5 Paradise Street Altrincham. John also adopted May's son, Samuel (born 13th January 1905), from her earlier marriage to Jeremiah Hulme. After leaving the Army John returned to his original job as a 'Carter'. (1911 Census RG14PN21527)

After his capture and interment as a prisoner-of-war in August 1914 May received the normal 'separation allowance'. However, in a letter dated 5th May 1918 this was stopped as she had given birth to an illegitimate child on 17th April 1917 and was expecting another child "by the same man". It may be assumed that the father of her later children was William Barnett, whom she married in June quarter 1919. May was informed of this stoppage, because of "her misconduct" on the 21st May. However, the allowance to John's legitimate children was to continue. When John's medals were issued in 1920 the accompanying letter stated that they were to be held in trust for the oldest son, Henry.

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Pt Moore's Medal Index Card
 
Pt. Moore's grave
The same letter indicated that John would be (and could be) informed as he would be no longer required to make stoppages out of his pay under "Section 145 of the Army Act by reason of there being an Order of Court against him". Rather bizarrely a copy of the letter was sent to John at Camp 411 Soltau, asking him to acknowledge receipt. It was stated that the Ladies Regimental Committee could afford the means of communication.

Military History:
John enlisted in the 2nd Battalion the Cheshire Regiment at Hale, Cheshire on 29th April 1903, stating his age as 19 years 1 month, on a 3 + 9 term of service (i.e. 3 years active service plus 9 years reserve). After initial 11 months training he was posted to India on 18th March 1904, where he remained until the end of his 3 years Active Service.

His Service Records show three misdemeanours, in May and June 1903 and January 1904, mostly for overstaying his leave. In each case he was admonished and received 2 days CB (confined to barracks). John was transferred to the Army Reserve 'A' on 29th April 1906 and to Reserve 'B' a year later. On his transfer his conduct was described as 'Good' and he had gained 1 Good Conduct badge.
His Medal Index Card shows that as a reservist he was recalled to the Regiment at the outbreak of War and entered France on 16th August 1914, He was reported missing from the Battalion following the action at Audregnies on 24th August and on 15th December 1914 he was confirmed a prisoner of war - War Office Communiqué 12452.

Like many of his comrades captured at Audregnies John was transferred to the infamous 411 Soltau p.o.w. camp. He died, on 31st October 1918 from influenza and pneumonia at Diepholz, Hanover. The family were not advised until February 1919 as the War Office did not find out until a repatriated p.o.w., Private 7133 A Jackson, reported it.  (N.B. Pt. Arthur Jackson was in 'C' Company and also taken prisoner on 24th August at Audregnies. His number, 7133, is one different from John's 7134, so it is likely they joined up at the same time and were, therefore, friends.) In total John had served 15 years 186 days with the Regiment.

He was probably initially buried near to where he died but in 1922-23 it was decided that the graves of Commonwealth servicemen who had died all over Germany should be brought together into four permanent cemeteries.  Hamburg was one of those chosen, and burials were brought into the cemetery from 120 burial grounds in Schleswig-Holstein, Mecklenburg, Oldenburg, Hanover, Saxony, Brunswick and Westphalia.

Private 6581 Henry William MOORE (A.R.)

Date of Death:
31 January 1918                             
(Died in p.o.w. camp)
Grave No:
VI.F.2.
Unit:
'B' Company
Age:
34
Personal History:
Henry was born in Middlesex, in December 1882, the eldest son of Alfred (Bricklayer in 1891) and Jane Moore. The 1891 Census shows that he had one older brother, Alfred, and five younger siblings, Elizabeth, Florence, Joseph, Thomas and Ada. (1901 Census RG 13/2861, when the family was living in Cooksey Road, Bordesley, Birmingham). At the time of his enlistment his occupation was "Cycle fitter".

In the March quarter 1907 Henry married Lilian Maud Mallabone and in 1911 the family was living at Court 22, Arthur Street, Small Heath, Birmingham. Henry was employed as a 'Builder's Labourer'. They had two children, Henry William and Alfred Ernest. After Henry's death Lilian moved back to 15 Trafalgar Terrace, Cooksey Rd., Small Heath, Birmingham.

Military History:
Henry enlisted in the 1st Battalion the Cheshire Regiment at Birmingham. Currently his Army records are unavailable, probably destroyed in Second World War bombing, but his Service Number would suggest that he enlisted in May/June 1901, aged 19, on a 7 + 5 term of service (i.e. 7 years active service plus 5 years reserve). He would have been transferred to the Reserve List in 1908.

His Medal Index Card shows that as a reservist he was recalled to the Regiment at the outbreak of War and entered France on 16th August 1914. He was reported missing from the Battalion following the action at Audregnies on 24th August where he fought in the centre of the line under Captain Shore.

Almost four years later Henry died in captivity; probably from illness or disease (normally if from wounds the cause of death is cited as such).

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Pt. Moore's Medal Index Card
 
Pt. Moore's grave
Private 10282 Cyril RUTTER

Date of Death:
7 October 1918                             
(Died in p.o.w. camp)
Grave No:
VI.G.2.
Unit:
'A' Company
Age:
23
Personal History:
According to his Service Records, Cyril was born in Denbigh, Wales, on 15th May 1895, the son of Thomas (Agricultural Labourer) and Mary Rutter of 25 High Street, Denbigh. He had an older brother, Ernest and two younger siblings, Leslie and Mildred. (1911 Census RG 14/34155) However, according to the BMD Index and the 1911 Census he was born in the June quarter 1896.

He was 5' 8¾" tall (1.75 m.), weighed 123 lbs. (8 stone 11lbs) had a 'fresh' complexion, hazel eyes and dark brown hair. His stated religion was Church of England. On his enlistment his stated occupation was 'Barman'. Cyril was not married.

Military History:
Cyril enlisted in the 1st Battalion the Cheshire Regiment at Denbigh on 2nd December 1913, stating his age as 18 years 201 days, on a 3 + 9 term of service (i.e. 3 years active service plus 9 years reserve). Before joining the Cheshires he had been Private 5108, 3rd Battalion Royal Welsh Fusiliers for a period of one month, attesting in that Special Reserve Battalion on 1st November 1913. His birth details (see above) would suggest he was only 17 when he enlisted.

On 13th February 1914, after initial training, he was posted to Londonderry, from where, as his Medal Index Card shows, as a regular soldier he travelled with the Regiment at the outbreak of War and entered France on 16th August 1914, He was reported missing from the Battalion following the action at Audregnies on 24th August and he was unofficially reported a prisoner of war at Mustelage, Germany on 2nd September 1914.

He died, on 7th October 1918 from pneumonia in Hospital at Fellinghof Neuenkirchen. In all he had served 4 years 310 days with the Regiment.

He was probably initially buried near to where he died but in 1922-23 it was decided that the graves of Commonwealth servicemen who had died all over Germany should be brought together into four permanent cemeteries.  Hamburg was one of those chosen, and burials were brought into the cemetery from 120 burial grounds in Schleswig-Holstein, Mecklenburg, Oldenburg, Hanover, Saxony, Brunswick and Westphalia.
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Pt. Rutter's Medal Index Card
 
Pt. Rutter's grave
Private 7063 Harry SHERWOOD (A.R.)

Date of Death:
21 December 1918                             
(Died in p.o.w. camp)
Grave No:
II.G.2.
Unit:
'A' Company
Age:
36
Personal History:
Harry was born in New Brompton, Kent, in November 1882, the son of Robert and Jane Sherwood (or Hilling). He had a brother, Herbert and three sisters, Mary, Kate and Annie.  However, they cannot be found in the 1891 or 1901 Census; Mary (married in 1908 to Charles Pearce, a Police Officer) is in the 1911 Census (RG 14/3896) at 22 Onslow Road, Rochester.

Harry was 5' 4" tall (1.63 m.), weighed 122 lbs. (8 stone 10lbs) had a 'fresh' complexion, grey eyes and brown hair. His stated religion was Church of England. On his enlistment his stated occupation was 'Labourer'.

Harry's Service Papers indicate that he remained in India after completing his period of active service. It would appear that he married there and had at least one child. He returned to England in September 1910 seemingly having worked his passage home on a ship, according to his brother. The same source also stated that he had never known his brother write or receive letters from his wife in India.

On his re-engagement at the outbreak of War he claimed severance allowance for them, but failed to provide names or any evidence of their existence by way of birth and marriage certificates. As early as September 1911 the Army Records' Office had been seeking details of his wife and child, asking Harry for the relevant certificates. Despite promising to forward them it appears he never did.

Again in November 1914 the Army Pay Office wrote to "Mrs H Sherwood" at 20 Fort Pitt Street, Chatham requesting the necessary certificates in view of Harry;s claim for Separation Allowance on his re-engagement. There does not seem to have been a reply to this letter. Accordingly on 7th December a note confirming that no allowance was issued appeared in his file.

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Pt. Rutter's Medal Index Card
 
Pt. Rutter's grave
In a letter to the Army Pay Office, received 11th December 1914, his father stated that Harry had not lived with his wife for a number of years and that "he had been somewhere out in India and she has never been in England and we have not heard from her for some years and we do not know her address". His brother also confirmed that Harry had had no communication with his wife, still in India.

By June 1919 Harry's sister, Mrs Mary Pearce, now living at Onslow Road, Rochester, Kent, seems to have been acting on his behalf and receiving details of his death etc. She admitted to having had a letter from Harry's wife, but about 2 years before he returned from India in 1910. She wrote to make a case for her sister, Miss Kate Hilling (?) to receive part of Harry's estate as he had wished, by letter, which she had already forwarded to the War Office. However, the Army continued to pursue the whereabouts of Harry's wife, especially for disposal of his medals, etc. and even resorted to writing to various "Sherwood" around the country to see if they were any relation!
At this point the whole family seem to change their surname to HILLING. In a form completed by Mary she names father and mother, both deceased, as Robert and Jane Hilling and the siblings Harry, Mary, Kate and Annie all with that surname.

Military History:
Harry enlisted in the 2nd Battalion the Cheshire Regiment at Maidstone, Kent on 15th January 1903, stating his age as 20 years 2 months, on a 3 + 9 term of service (i.e. 3 years active service plus 9 years reserve).

His time in the Army did not have an auspicious start. In April 1903 he was "deficient of small kit" and two months later failed to report to Hospital when Ordered. On 16th August he was drunk in Aldershot town centre, subsequent to which he was court-martialled at Aldershot on 22nd August 1903 for "striking a superior officer", found guilty and received 56 days imprisonment with hard labour. The charge read that he had punched L/Cpl. Spreadbrow, an M.P. and resisted arrest.

Almost as soon as this sentence was completed he was court-martialled again, at Aldershot, on 3rd October 1903, for "Fraudulent Enlistment". It seems that when he enlisted into the Cheshires he was already enlisted into the 'Army Services Corps' and thereby obtained free kit to the value of £1:8s:4d (£1.42), which he was further charged with losing. He was again found guilt and sentenced to 70 days imprisonment with hard labour and had his pay reduced to repay the money.

On 23rd April 1904 he was posted to India. Whilst in India, at Wellington Barracks, he was charged with "Causing a disturbance" (Feb. 1905); "Absent from sentry duty" (March 1905); "Trespassing in Hospital Matron's quarters" (April 1905); "Improperly dress for breakfast" (April 1905); "Absent from drawing rations" (May 1905) and later in May again late for drawing rations. In July he was charged with lying to a senior officer, having a dirty rifle and losing his boots, then "Absent from parade" in August; "Quitting sentry  duty " (September 1905) and "Absent from tattoo and drunk" in November. For each charge he was confined to barracks for various lengths of periods of days.

Harry was transferred to the Army Reserve on 1st December 1906. Unusually, at the end of his 3 years active service in India he was offered employment and his C.O., being satisfied that this was adequate, granted permission for Harry to remain in India on his transfer to the Army Reserve. His address in India after this time was: c/o Messrs. Spencer and Co., Regimental Institutes, Madras, who guaranteed his employment as a waiter in a letter dated 19 November 1906.

In October 1908 he joined the Madras Brigade, at Fort George, then on 30th November 1908, still as a Reservist, Harry was transferred to the Presidency Brigade (Rifle Factory, Ishapur, nr. Barrackpore, Calcutta). A year later he had moved again to the Allahabad Brigade.

His Medal Index Card shows that as a reservist (now back in England - see above) he was recalled to the Regiment at the outbreak of War and entered France on 16th August 1914, He was reported missing from the Battalion following the action at Audregnies on 24th August.

He died, on 21st December 1918 from "Spanish Sickness" (influenza) at Bakelah. Notice was received of his death on 22nd March 1919. In all he had served 15 years 80 days with the Regiment.  Notification of his death was not forwarded to his sister, Mary Pearce, until 26th June 1919. Throughout all his re-engaged service the Army was at great lengths to locate (unsuccessfully it seems) his wife and child (see above).

He was probably initially buried near to where he died but in 1922-23 it was decided that the graves of Commonwealth servicemen who had died all over Germany should be brought together into four permanent cemeteries.  Hamburg was one of those chosen, and burials were brought into the cemetery from 120 burial grounds in Schleswig-Holstein, Mecklenburg, Oldenburg, Hanover, Saxony, Brunswick and Westphalia.

Private 8567 George WARDLE (A.R.)

Date of Death:
21 October 1918                             
(Died in p.o.w. camp)
Grave No:
VI. A. 3.
Unit:
'A' Company
Age:
29
Personal History:
George Wardle was born in Nantwich, Cheshire in the May 1889 (according to his service papers). He was the eldest son of Annie Wardle. She re-married Charles Lee in December quarter 1888 so George had half brothers and sisters: a younger brother, Charles Edward Ernest, and four younger sisters, Martha Jane, Rachel Annie, Lizzie and Ellen, of Crewe (1901 Census RG 13/3356)  Annie appears to have been widowed as she is later referred to as Annie Tomkinson.

George was 5' 3" tall (1.61 m.), weighed 110 lbs. (7 stone 102lbs) had a 'sallow' complexion, brown eyes and dark brown hair. His stated religion was Church of England. On his enlistment his stated occupation was 'Labourer'.

George married Grace Rowlands at Chester Register Office on 28th June 1911 and they had two children, Dorothy Minnie (born 9th July 1912) and George Arthur (b. 13th July 1914). They lived at 8 Linenhall Place, Watergate Street, Chester. Grace remarried Walter Vickers in the December quarter 1920.

Military History:
George enlisted into the 1st Battalion Cheshire Regiment at Crewe, Cheshire on 20th July 1907 on a 7 year active service engagement, followed by 5 years on Reserve, under the name: George LEE, aged 18 years 2 months. He had formerly been serving with the 4th (Militia) Battalion. On 19th May 1914 George swore, on oath before a JP, that he had enlisted incorrectly under the name of George Lee and provided his birth certificate to show that he had been registered as George WARDLE. It seems that his Army Records were subsequently amended.
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Pt. Wardle's Medal Index Card
 
Pt. Wardle's grave
Private 8900 Horace WILLIAMS

Date of Death:
4 December 1918                             
(Died in p.o.w. camp)
Grave No:
VI. A. 6.
Unit:
'B' Company
Age:
29
Personal History:
Horace was born at Oak Cottage, Frankby, Cheshire, in December quarter 1889, the eldest son of Elisha (General Labourer) and Hannah Jane Williams. The 1891 Census shows that he had one older sister, Rhoda, (1891 Census RG 12/2877). The family do not seem to appear on the 1901 Census, where 11 year old Rhoda is living with her grandparents, Thomas and Ann Williams, in Birkenhead.

The family reappear in the 1911 Census (RG 14/21944) when further younger siblings of Horace are named - Elisha Saxon, Audrey, Nancy and Charlotte Hannah. (The latter 2 are aged 4 years and 10 months respectively, and mother Hannah is now 53!)

It is not known whether Horace married.

Military History:
Horace enlisted in the 1st Battalion the Cheshire Regiment at Chester. Currently his Army records are unavailable, probably destroyed in Second World War bombing, but his Service Number would suggest that he enlisted in January 1908, aged 18, on a 7 + 5 term of service (i.e. 7 years active service plus 5 years reserve). As a member of the 1st Battalion he would have spent the majority of his time in Ireland, based at Belfast and Londonderry.

His Medal Index Card shows that as a Regular Solider he moved from Ireland with the Battalion at the outbreak of War and entered France on 16th August 1914. He was reported missing from the Battalion following the action at Audregnies on 24th August where he fought in the centre of the line under Captain Shore.

Over four years later Horace died in captivity; probably from illness or disease (normally if from wounds the cause of death is cited as such). Like many of his comrades he likely succumbed to the influenza pandemic prevalent at the time, or one of its associated illnesses, such as pneumonia.

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Pt. Rutter's Medal Index Card
 
Pt. Rutter's grave
George was posted to Bordon on 1st November 1907 and to Belfast on 24th September 1909. On 14th October 1910 he was transferred back to the Depot. He suffered a number of illnesses being admitted to Hospital, twice in Cambridge in 1908 and 1909 and four times in Chester in 1910 and 1911. These tended to be for fairly minor ailment such as impetigo and bronchitis. He received his first Good Conduct Badge on 20th July 1909 and his 2nd three years later. 

On 19th July 1914 he received a "Sobriety Certificate" to certify that during his last three years of Army service he had never been under the influence of alcohol. He was transferred to the Army Reserve on 19th July 1914, only to be recalled 2 weeks later. At the time of his transfer his stated occupation was to be a Forge Labourer and place of residence: Ballechin, Ballinluig, Scotland. His musketry was 'First Class' and his Army conduct 'Exemplary. He is honest, sober, clean and attentive to his duties. A quiet, well-behaved, intelligent man, whose conduct in the Army has been entirely satisfactory. He has been employed as a cook for about two years and an Officer's servant for about 18 months. Signed: M F Clarke, Captain. '. This was born out by his Regimental Conduct Sheet, which remained blank.

His Medal Index Card shows that as a reservist he was recalled to the Regiment at the outbreak of War and entered France on 16th August 1914, He was reported missing from the Battalion following the action at Audregnies on 24th August and he was unofficially reported a prisoner of war at Mustelage, Germany (War Office Communiqué 12452).

He died in Hospital at Soltau prisoner of war camp on 21st October 1918 from influenza. In total he had served 11 years 94 days with the Regiment. His death was reported to the Record Office on 18th February 1919.

He was probably initially buried near to where he died but in 1922-23 it was decided that the graves of Commonwealth servicemen who had died all over Germany should be brought together into four permanent cemeteries.  Hamburg was one of those chosen, and burials were brought into the cemetery from 120 burial grounds in Schleswig-Holstein, Mecklenburg, Oldenburg, Hanover, Saxony, Brunswick and Westphalia.

Photo: The War Graves Photgraphic Project